Arabic writing alphabet

By being adopted and then adapted by the Greeks, the North Semitic, or Phoenician, alphabet became the direct ancestor of all Western alphabets.

The Arabic Alphabet - Chart

It was used officially until the 6th century bce and lingered on for several centuries more. The letters alif, waw, and ya standing for glottal stopw, and y, respectively are used to represent the long vowels a, u, and i.

Dammeshek, the last survivor, fell in bce. Dating from the 15th and 14th centuries bce, they were written in a cuneiform alphabet of 30 letters. Sometimes the diacritics are used for decorative purposes in book titles, letterheads, nameplates, etc. However, in Arabic these changes can be quite drastic.

The Greek achievement was to provide representations for vowel sounds.

Learn the Arabic Alphabet: The complete beginner’s guide

The Greek alphabet, created early in the 1st millennium bce, spread in various directions in Asia MinorEgypt, Italy, and other places, but far and away its most important descendants in terms of widespread use were the Latin through Etruscan and Cyrillic alphabets.

Usually these short vowels are simply omitted in writing. For simplicity let's divide the letters into three groups, according to their difficulty. The Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters.

Arabic alphabet

Each of the alphabets have different hues which increases their attractiveness. Contact Welcome to the Basic Arabic Course. It contains all the letters. Among the various other theories concerning the alphabet are the hypotheses that the alphabet was taken by the Philistines from Crete to Palestine, that the various ancient scripts of the Mediterranean countries developed from prehistoric geometric symbols employed throughout the Mediterranean area from the earliest times, and that the proto-Sinaitic inscriptions discovered since in the Sinai Peninsula represent a stage of writing intermediate between the Egyptian hieroglyphics and the North Semitic alphabet.

They are also used, though with less consistency, in other religious texts, in classical poetry, in books for children and foreign learners, and occasionally in complex texts to avoid ambiguity. Some believe that diffusion is explained by the efficiency of the orthography; the Greek alphabet, capable of representing unambiguously a full range of meanings, was adopted throughout western Europe.

It is idle to speculate on the meaning of the various discoveries referred to. The Aramaic alphabet was probably also the prototype of the Brahmi script of India, a script that became the parent of nearly all Indian writings. Others hold that the alphabet follows the flag; that is, that the diffusion of an alphabet results from political and military conquests by the people who use it.

This means that the Arabic alphabet contains only two more letters than the English alphabet (26 letters).

Arabic alphabet

However, unlike English, the Arabic letters are always pronounced in the same way. In English the letter "c" is sometimes pronounced like an "s" (ceasar) and sometimes like a "k" (cucumber). Arabic letters change their shape according to their position in a word.

Let's go through these points in more detail.

Learn the Arabic Alphabet: The complete beginner’s guide

The Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters. This means that the Arabic alphabet contains only two more letters than the English alphabet (26 letters).

However, unlike English, the Arabic letters are always pronounced in the same way. Arabic Alphabet Worksheets. Arabic is a beautiful language spoken in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Our Arabic alphabet worksheets help young Arabic learners get a handle on writing each of the Arabic letters in its initial, medial and final form.

Alphabet: Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language. In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence, and each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels.

The Arabic alphabet consists of 28 letters. The letters are written from right to left. To remain faithful to Arabic written work, this book opens like any book printed in Arabic.

As well, you will write from right to left when completing the exercises. Learn the Arabic Alphabet Use the menu below to get to the alphabet lesson you would like to study. If you want to study the Arabic alphabet from the beginning, click on " 1 - .

Arabic writing alphabet
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Lesson 1 Arabic Alphabet | Free Arabic Course