The most that can be said about its origins is that it neither developed from nor directly depended upon the North Semitic alphabet.
By the end of the 8th century bce, the use of the Aramaic language and alphabet had become very widespread in Assyria itself; by the end of the following century all of Syria and a large part of Mesopotamia had become thoroughly Aramaized.
In general the Romans did not use the traditional Semitic -derived names as in Greek: Cyrillic is used by those Slavic peoples who accepted their religion from Byzantium, whereas Roman Christianity brought the use of the Latin alphabet to the Poles, Lusatians, Wends, Czechs, Slovaks, Slovenes, and Croats.
It has also been increasingly adopted by majority Muslim Turkic-speaking countries, beginning with Turkey in the s. This means that letters of a word are joined together, both in handwriting and in print.
Page 1 of 2. The oldest extant example of the Early Hebrew ABCs is the 8th—7th-century-bce schoolboy graffito mentioned above. This rarity of indigenous documents is in contrast to the numbers of Phoenician inscriptions found elsewhere—on Cyprus, Malta, Sicily, and Sardinia, and in Greece, North AfricaMarseille, Spain, and other places.
The Early Hebrew alphabet had already begun to acquire its distinctive character by the 11th century bce. JU and W are missing.
On the whole, the direct and indirect descendants of the Aramaic alphabet can be divided into two main groups: Spread of the Latin script The Latin alphabet spread, along with the Latin languagefrom the Italian Peninsula to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire.
When writing Arabic, you need to master three important techniques. As a result, an alphabet developed with four main branches: With regard to the Semitic offshoots, six separate alphabets may be discerned: This may be due to a lack of an appropriate keyboard layout for Arabicor because users are already more familiar with the QWERTY keyboard layout.
A transliteration is ideally fully reversible: This scheme has continued to be used by most modern European languages that have adopted the Latin alphabet. They either kept using Cyrillic, like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, or adopted a new Latin alphabet, like Azerbaijan.
The Early Hebrew alphabet had already begun to acquire its distinctive character by the 11th century bce. The earliest definitely readable inscription in the North Semitic alphabet is the so-called Ahiram inscription found at Byblos in Phoenicia now Lebanonwhich probably dates from the 11th century bce.
While pre-alphabetic systems of writing in the Old World became steadily more phonetic, they were still exceedingly cumbersome, and the syllabic systems that gradually replaced them… Theories of the origin of the alphabet The evolution of the alphabet involved two important achievements.
Transliteration is the romanization attempts to transliterate the original script, the guiding principle is a one-to-one mapping of characters from Arabic into the Latin script, with less emphasis on how the result sounds when pronounced according to English.
The tool above can be used to help you convert Arabic characters into Latin characters. Similarly, the idea that cuneiform was the precursor of the alphabet may also be subdivided into those singling out Sumerian, Babylonian, or Assyrian cuneiform.
Dammeshek, the last survivor, fell in bce. Early deviations from the classical forms were the uncial scripta development of the Old Roman cursiveand various so-called minuscule scripts that developed from New Roman cursiveof which the Carolingian minuscule was the most influential, introducing the lower case forms of the letters, as well as other writing conventions that have since become standard.
The Greeks and Romans considered five different peoples as the possible inventors of the alphabet—the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Cretans, and Hebrews. It was used officially until the 6th century bce and lingered on for several centuries more.
A few examples may illustrate the point: Brunei is the only Southeast Asian country where both the Latin and Arabic alphabets are co-official. Over the centuries, various theories have been advanced to explain the origin of alphabetic writing, and, since Classical times, the problem has been a matter of serious study.
Some believe that diffusion is explained by the efficiency of the orthography; the Greek alphabet, capable of representing unambiguously a full range of meanings, was adopted throughout western Europe. The process of the reestablishment of the Assyrian empire and its hegemony over a good part of the Middle East began in the 9th century.
Almost as if by prearrangement, all of the alphabetic scripts west of Syria seem to have been derived, directly or indirectly, from the Canaanite alphabet, whereas the hundreds of alphabetic writings of the East apparently have sprung from the offshoots of the Aramaic alphabet.
The term Latin alphabet may refer to either the alphabet used to write Latin (as described in this article), or other alphabets based on the Latin script, which is the basic set of letters common to the various alphabets descended from the classical Latin alphabet, such as the English sgtraslochi.com systems: Cyrillic, Coptic, Armenian, Georgian, Runic (Futhark).
The Arabic alphabet is an abjad that is used to write several languages of the Middle East; amongst others, the Arabic language. Persian, Pashto, and Urdu are examples of languages that use a writing system that is based on the Arabic one. The word alphabet, from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet—alpha and beta—was first used, in its Latin form, alphabetum, by Tertullian (2nd–3rd century ce), a Latin ecclesiastical writer and Church Father, and by St.
Romanization (latinization) is the representation of a written word or spoken speech with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original language uses different writing characters such as Arabic.
Methods of romanization include transliteration, for representing written text. (3) The Arabic alphabet is, after Latin, the most generally used in Asia and Africa.
The rise of Islam in the 7th century ce and the tremendous Islamic expansion and conquest carried the Islamic holy book, the Qurʾān, written in the Arabic alphabet, over a vast area: the Middle East, North and Central Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and. Aug 07, · @post I didn't say that it's used to write English with the Arabic alphabet, I said it was used to write Arabic with the Latin alphabet used in English.Write arabic in latin alphabet